May 23, 2022 17:57
Iraqi veterinary authorities are stepping up their measures to contain the recent outbreak of hemorrhagic fever in the country, with more than 90 confirmed cases and 18 human deaths since March, according to a statement from the health ministry.
The veterinary department of the Ministry of Agriculture launched a campaign to spray pesticides and sterilize animals to eliminate the outbreak of the disease caused by a virus that spreads among animals and also infects humans. The disease causes bleeding in multiple locations and can lead to very high death rates.
Saif Al-Badr, the health ministry’s official spokesman, said there has been a “severe increase” in injuries in Iraq.
He added that infections are expected to increase in the coming days with the discovery of more suspected cases.
A professor of veterinary medicine explains that the virus that causes this disease was first discovered in Iraq in 1979, and that it is transmitted by ticks that bite animals, noting that infected animals can infect humans who come into direct contact with them. come or eat their flesh .
Hamid Abed Ghati, a veterinarian at Baghdad Veterinary Hospital, said: “Hemorrhagic fever, a disease caused by the Bainoviridae nanovirus, was first recorded in Iraq in 1979. The virus is a form of RNA. It is possible that there may be mutations in it from time to time.
The virus is transmitted by ticks. Ticks are the carrier medium by biting animals, be it cows, sheep, goats and buffalo, ruminants in general.
Veterinarian Anwar Taleb, head of the Dora Veterinary Dispensary, said: “We, as a course clinic, have formed four field teams. Their job is to spray barns, immerse sheep and spray cows and buffaloes to keep the chain of this parasite that transmit this dangerous disease. Through agricultural associations, we have held information sessions for farmers.” †
Al-Badr explained that most human infections in Iraq occurred in rural areas between people who had direct contact with pets.
The director of the veterinary hospital in Baghdad, veterinarian Mohsen Al-Amiri, said: “All fluids from the infected person are a means of transmitting the disease, and ticks can also, if a tick bites a person, cause him illness or eat contaminated meat or have a haemorrhagic fever.”
Majeed Hamad, a farmer and rancher, said: “They brought vaccinations, they brought pesticides, that is, twice a week, one to three times. They held educational lectures, instructions, instructions. If, God forbid, the calf or the cow has symptoms of illness, we tell them to treat it or isolate it from halal.” other animals).
Sterilization is carried out two or three times a week and officials from the Ministry of Agriculture are conducting awareness campaigns among farmers about the disease and possible measures to limit its spread.