In particular, this demand resonates with ISIS’ efforts to return to its former strongholds in Syria and Iraq, intensifying attacks in the two countries over the past two months, and its public return.
The International Coalition to Defeat ISIS held its meeting in Morocco on Wednesday and, in its closing statement, stressed the continuation of the war against the organization as it poses a constant threat, and that ensuring the permanent defeat of ISIS in Iraq and Syria is a priority. continues to fight its funding sources and persecute and rehabilitate foreign fighters.
The coalition posted on its Twitter account that, on the occasion of the International Alliance’s first ministerial meeting in Africa, “we are relaunching the #One Mission #Multiple Countries campaign”, and that “we will elaborate on more details in the coming weeks.” on our partners’ contribution to our common mission to defeat ISIS.” †
Two days before the meeting, Washington imposed sanctions on 5 people accused of raising money for ISIS and using it to recruit children.
The international coalition was formed in 2014, consisting of 84 countries, to prevent the flow of fighters into Syria and eliminate the economic fabric of ISIS.
The coalition meeting comes about a month after ISIS sent a message to its members and lone wolves asking to intensify attacks in Europe, taking advantage of its preoccupation with the Ukrainian war.
ISIS recently escalated its moves in Iraq and Syria, with the coalition announcing its defeat in 2017 and 2019 respectively. For example, in March it carried out 17 attacks in Syria’s Deir ez-Zor, Homs, Raqqa, Aleppo and Hama.
According to the London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, ISIS movements were monitored in the city of Palmyra in central Syria, marking the first public appearance in 5 years, which is a dangerous development.
In Iraq, ISIS intensified its presence in Mosul with two strikes, and the governorates of Diyala, Nineveh, Salah al-Din and Anbar witnessed attacks faced by Iraqi forces in the “solid will” operation.
In the past year, Africa became a target of terrorism, with 15 countries witnessing more than 70 terrorist attacks, killing and injuring thousands.
The final statement of the coalition conference referred to addressing the root causes of insecurity in Africa, emphasizing that curbing ISIS is the responsibility of national authorities.
While the coalition met for the first time in Africa, Jassim Mohamed, director of the European Center for Counter-Terrorism Studies and Intelligence, believes this has to do with the organisation’s activities there, especially as the UN Security Council indicated that 27 terrorist organizations on the continent, and that 41% of ISIS operations target African countries.
In his interview with Sky News Arabia, he pointed out that Africa has become the new destination for ISIS after losing land in Iraq and Syria between 2017 and 2019.
The experience of Syria and Iraq
Jassim Muhammad believes that drying up the sources of terrorist financing and achieving justice by prosecuting and reintegrating fighters is a major challenge for the international coalition, and the problem of foreign fighters is increasing, especially as countries fail to deny their citizens take back those who have joined the organization. in Syria and Iraq.
In his view, the coalition’s experience in fighting ISIS in the two countries was “unsuccessful in creating social security, promoting development and finding radical solutions to the real causes behind the rise of terrorism, and the coalition will encounter the same experience in Africa.” as long as it doesn’t work for community development and security.”