The Ultimate Guide to Facial Pigmentation

Having a soft, supple and flawless skin is a wish of many. Unfortunately, many people suffer from skin problems such as facial pigmentation, acne, dry and oily skin. Although it is a common process, the parts of the body exposed to the sun, such as the face, legs and arms, are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation.

With decades of research, modern medical science and cosmetology experts have created solutions such as: La Roche-Posay Erase Serum, which are very effective in treating facial pigmentation and give you flawless skin. Since acne is one of the main reasons for hyperpigmentation, using Vichy Liftactiv serum can significantly reduce extreme acne.

Understanding the cause helps to solve the problem effectively. Therefore, here is the ultimate guide that will help you know everything about facial pigmentation.

Causes of Facial Pigmentation

Several internal and external factors cause facial pigmentation. Here are some.

Excessive production of melanin

Excessive production of melanin is one of the main reasons behind facial pigmentation. It is the pigment that determines the color of your skin. Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin. Although melanocytes moderately produce melanin, several factors can affect its natural function and cause hyperpigmentation.

Sun exposure

Human skin produces melanin when exposed to sunlight. While moderate sunlight is helpful for the topical area, excessive sun exposure can affect pigment production. Using sunscreen lotions with at least 30 SPF and reducing sun exposure can help prevent pigmentation.


Melasma causes brown, freckle-like patches on the face. These patches are caused by hormonal imbalance, especially during pregnancy. While melasma is common in pregnant women, it can dramatically increase facial pigmentation and affect its appearance.

Skin inflammation

The inflammation of the skin affects melanin production. That is why inflammation caused by acne, lupus, eczema and any skin lesion can cause facial pigmentation in many people. Serums like Vichy lift activity have abundant Vitamin C and Hyaluronic Acid which effectively treat acne and give better skin texture and appearance.

Drug Reaction

Some medications, such as tricyclic antidepressants and antimalarials, can also affect the skin and cause pigmentation. The chemicals in some topical ointments can also darken the epidermis.

Some mental health conditions such as stress, depression, and medical conditions such as Addison’s disease can also cause hyperpigmentation.

Symptoms of facial pigmentation

While facial pigmentation can be easily recognized by its appearance, some significant symptoms can help identify it accurately.

  • Brown, brown or black spots usually appear on the facial skin and are known as sun lentigines or liver spots
  • Larger patches of dark skin, usually on the face, forehead, and abdomen
  • Dark and thick spots on the neck and shoulders

Since these symptoms are visually recognizable, it is always good to seek the advice of a professional before it becomes serious.

Remedies for Facial Pigmentation

Natural remedies with aloe vera, red onion and green tea extract can help reduce hyperpigmentation; they usually need time, persistence and patience. Here are some better and effective ways to treat and reduce facial pigmentation.

1. Skin acids

Skin acids are known to help exfoliate the top layer. When you exfoliate, the dead skin cells are replaced by new healthy skin cells. Many effective facial acids such as salicylic acid are easily found in La Roche-Posay Effaclar Serum which unclogs pores, gives smoother, wrinkle-free skin and keeps aging and fine lines at bay.

2. Lightening Creams

Many over-the-counter (OTC) lightening creams are known to be effective at pigmentation. These creams usually contain ingredients such as N-acetylglucosamine, hydroquinone and licorice extract, etc. Applying these creams can help reduce pigmentation to a great extent.

3. Retinoids

Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and are used in many OTC skin care products. Thanks to their small molecular structure, they easily penetrate deep into the skin and help treat the layers of skin beneath the epidermis.

Retinoids usually come in various OTC formulas or with prescription drugs. While the OTC forms are effective, sometimes the more potent prescription form of retinoids, known as retinoid tretinoin (Retin-A), reduces pigmentation.

4. Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are effective in treating pigmentation spots. It uses strong acids on the desired skin area. By removing the part of the epidermis, it helps to reduce the hyperpigmentation of the skin. It is usually performed on the facial skin, but can be used to treat different parts of the body.

While there are multiple OTC options for chemical peels, it’s best to have them done by certified professionals and dermatologists to avoid side effects and get better results.

Facial pigmentation can be caused by various conditions and internal and external factors. You can treat it with effective prevention methods, quality skin care products and professional treatments.

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