If you have ever dealt with Melasma, you must read this | blog

Hyperpigmentation comes in many forms. Tiny dark spots that form on the edge of your eyes, blotchy redness on your neck, and post-inflammatory patches that linger after an outbreak. Melasma is another common form of hyperpigmentation, and it’s more common than you might think. It is also one of the more difficult species to treat, as it can resurface over and over again. If you’ve ever had melasma, are dealing with melasma now, or know someone who has, we’ve got answers for you.

What is Melasma?

Unlike other forms of hyperpigmentation, melasma appears almost exclusively on the face — including the cheeks, forehead, and nose — and is characterized by recurring, chronic discoloration.

What also sets it apart from other species of discoloration is that it disproportionately affects women of reproductive age and appears to be closely linked to hormones. Melasma even has a middle name – pregnancy maskbecause it often appears or gets worse during pregnancy. (interesting, men with melasma were found to have low testosterone levels, whatever suggests hormonal clutch.)

certain ethnicities are also more prone to melasma, including those of Eaxis Asia (Japan, Korea and China), IndiaPakistanand people from the Middle East and Mediterranean Africa.

What Causes Melasma?

There is no clear or known cause for melasma yet, but it is clear that hormonal fluctuations have an impact, notes Dr Simran SethiMD and founder of RenewMDBeauty and well-being Major changes that occur with pregnancy and menopause seem to mainly cause melasma.

Physiologically speaking, dr. Sethi says: melasma is caused by: hyperfunctionalmelanocytes– AKA pigment producing cells. they deposit excessive amounts of melanin pigment in the superficial layer of skin (the epidermis) and the deepest skin layer (the dermis)

Melasma is significantly aggravated by sun exposure. It can cause existing melasma hyperpigmentation to darken or enlarge — even if it’s been treated and faded before — and can cause new episodes.

How Do You Treat Melasma?

In general, hhyperpigmentation is a bear over treat Melasma is known to be even trickier to treat, mainly because it is So sensitive to triggers such as hormones and sunshine. What makes it especially frustrating is that melasma can fade quite significantly and then come back with vengeance.

Usually melasma becomes lighter during the colder months and seems to worsen in heat or sunlight”, explains Dr Sethi. She adds, “Melasma can be treated with some in-office medical aesthetic treatments huhhowever, these treatments are generally not permanentand Mmaintenance is highly recommended.

the there best things you can do to treat melasma be to wear sunscreen every dayfollow a nourishing, moisturizing skincare routineand use exfoliating treatments

1. Wear Full Spectrum SPF 30+ every day without fail.

via Giphy

dr. Sethi says, “Wear sunscreen eeven when it’s not sunny, and also when you’re inside in front of your computerWe get incident light from windows, so wearing blinds indoors is just as important as outdoors.

Sunscreen doesn’t have to be boring, btw! There are so many beautiful, glowinglightweight options that make your skin look radiant. Some of our favorites facial sunscreens Involving

If you have sensitive, oily, or acne-prone skin, we especially love the all-mineral Biossance Squalane + Zinc Sheer Mineral Sunscreen SPF 30 PA+++, $30, which works beautifully under makeup, feels non-sticky and does not leave a clear white haze.

2. Follow a Nourishing skin care Routine

A consistent, nourishing skincare routine is a must for everyone, but it can make a remarkable difference with melasma.

melasma can exhauste the integrity of the skin barrier between the superficial epidermis layer that houses pigment cells and the deeper dermis layerDr. Sethi says. †If the skin is dry or inflamed, this will further deplete the skin barriers and promote pigment deposits, making it difficult for potential treatments for melasma – such as laser therapies or microneedles – to reach the pigment.

A solid skincare regimen consists of a gentle cleanser, hydrating serum, moisturizing lotion, and daily SPF — in that order! You can double the above by adding nourishing masks once or twice a week.

3. Try Exfoliating Treatments and Products

Together with preventive care and maintenanceyou can target melasma with exfoliating products and treatments. There are some over-the-counter options available that may help somewhat, but more aggressive in-office treatments are likely to yield better results.

Over-the-counter ingredients to look for include trichloroacetic acid (TCA), tranexamic acid, arbutin, and tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate (THD)† Some of our favorite products to try are:

There are a handful of in-office treatments that can make a remarkable dent in melasma discoloration. Some of the more popular options are: specific species laser treatments (note that some lasers can actually make melasma worse!)microneedlingand strong chemical peels.

Typical laser treatments contradict melasma because exposure to heat and light inflames and worsens, especially if they are not designed to deepen and darken pigment and melange skinDr. Sethi says. †I always recommend the Psecure Laser, which delivers pressure waves in very short pulses to break pigment without generating heat, making it safe and effective for reducing melasma pigmentation.

In the treatment of melasma with Picosurebegins Dr. Sethi with four to six treatments spread over four weeks. In some cases, she may also prescribe: 8% hydroquinone to reduce additional melanocyte activity during treatment.

In the office microneedling and/or aaggressive chemical peels with AHAs, TCA, and hydroquinone can also help. As is often the case, a tailored approach tailored to your specific needs is best.

Have you dealt with melasma before? How has your experience been? Let’s chat in the comments.

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